Ilm-e-dawat has an important role in the way of Faqr. Ilm-e-dawat is granted by the spiritual guide when the seeker reaches in the Divine presence. It is by the contemplation of Ism-e-Allah Zaat but the seeker should remember that his yearing must be the Divine vision and the presence in the Mohammadan Assembly.
It is the knowledge of communication with the sacred souls of Saints, Prophets and friends of Allah.
Ilm-e-Dawat and Unveiling of states of graves
According to the teachings of Sultan Bahoo, one should never recite it for worldly purposes. One should remember that there is a great difference between Ilm-e-Dawat (seeking help from shrines) and the unveiling of states of grave. In the process of revelation from the graves, one sees the states of the dwellers of the graves by reciting the Quran on the graves of the common Muslims. The reciter comes to know the condition in which they are living in the Burzakh (intermediate state after death). Whereas, it is recited only on the shrines of the Saints and Fakirs to communicate with them.
Ilm-e-Dawat is for Spiritually Perfect Ones
It is only the job of the spiritually accomplished ones to recite ilm-e-dawat or the knowledge of communication with the sacred souls of shrines keeping themselves safe from all the evils and inner disasters and remain in senses. It is better for the imperfect one, dare not to recite it even if somebody beheads him with a sword. If somebody gives him a lot of wealth for reciting Ilm-e-dawat, it is better for the imperfect one to reject the wealth and do not try it. Do you know, the Satan had been reciting it for thirty thousand years and teaching the angels to recite Ilm-e-dawat for thirty thousand years as well but this knowledge replete his being with intoxication, rapture, egoism, pride, hypocrisy, selfishness, self-conceit and lust, which prevented him from obeying the order of Allah and prostrating to Adam. (Nur-ul-Huda Kalan)
Moeenuddin Chishti and dawat
A well-known event of ilm-e-dawat or the knowledge of communication with the sacred souls of shrines is that of Moeenuddin Chishti, who performed forty days seclusion regarding certain spiritual issue on the shrine of Ali ibn Usman al-Hajveri, commonly known as Data Gunj Bakhsh. When the problem was resolved, Moeenuddin Chishti uttered his pleasant surprise:
گنج بخش فیضِ عالم مظہرِ نورِ خدا
ناقصاں را پیر کامل کاملاں را راہنما
Explanation: O sacred soul of Ali Hajveri! You are the source of benefitting the world with Divine treasures and the true manifestation of the light of Allah. You are a perfect spiritual guide for the imperfect ones and really a true guide for the perfect ones.”
There are certain conditions for reciting it:
Perfection in the contemplation of Ism-e-Allah Zaat
- The reciter of Ilm-e-Dawat must be a friend of Allah / Mystic / Wali and perfect in the contemplation of Ism-e-Allah Zaat. He must have gained eternal presence, as he says:
- First of all, one should attain the nearness and Oneness in the Divine court, only then a person can be capable of reciting it. The person who does not recite it or communicate in this way demotes and becomes sick and insane. (Mehek-ul-Faqr Kalan)
Not to adopt ways of superficial, imperfect and unaccomplished people for Ilm-e-Dawat
- The Fakir who is a perfect communicator, attentive and authoritative in reciting the perfect Ilm-e-Dawat or perfect in the knowledge of communication with the sacred souls of shrines needs not to compensate in the form of charity, count the auspicious and ominous timings, follow the stars and planets, set up an enclosure around, or lock and unlock himself time to time, and eating meat of specific animals (jalali, jamali, kamali), taking care of religious bath and physical prayers, protect himself from demotion, seizure and evil spirits, fasting, passing forty days of seclusion and struggle hard because all these affairs cause apprehensions, esoteric threats and superstitions and are adopted by the superficial, imperfect and unaccomplished people. (Nur-ul-Huda Kalan)